Alternative Dispute Resolution
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Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) refers to a variety of processes and techniques designed to help disagreeing parties come to an agreement short of litigation. These processes can include everything from facilitated settlement negotiation, in which disagreeing parties are encouraged to consult directly with each other prior to some other legal process, to arbitration, which can look and feel very much like a standard trial. Often used as an alternative to litigation, ADR generally refers to a dispute resolution processes in which the parties meet with a professional third party who helps them resolve their dispute. It was during the 1970s that the acronym ADR was coined. First emerging in the legal profession, driven by the concern over the perceived litigation explosion, the concept grew to include other means of conflict dispute resolution, including ombudsmen and mediation. Most ADR practitioners have significant prior litigation experience or expertise in a particular field of law.